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Culhane Aviation Training Manuals


Instrument Rating Ground School Course, 2019 Edition

Updates, Amendments and Revisions


Transport Canada has revised holding pattern speed requirements. Insert the following at s. 1.26:

Holding patterns must not exceed the following speeds:

a) At or below 6,000 feet: 200 kts IAS
b) Above 6,000 feet up to and including 14,000 feet: 230 kts IAS
c) Above 14,000 feet: 265 kts IAS

At Canadian military airfields, the size of the protected airspace is for a maximum of 310 kts IAS, unless otherwise noted.

A SHUTTLE PROCEDURE is when there is a descent or climb in a pattern resembling a holding pattern. Shuttles are generally found on IAPs in mountainous areas (e.g. see Fig. A-43 and the Kitimat NDB on the Terrace BC IAP). In the approach phase, it is normally prescribed where a descent of more than 2,000 feet is required during the initial or intermediate approach segments. It can also be required when flying a missed approach or departure procedure from some airports. A shuttle procedure shall be executed in the pattern as published unless otherwise instructed by ATC in the hold clearance. To ensure that the aircraft does not exceed the obstacle clearance protected airspace during a shuttle descent or climb, the aircraft must not the airspeed limit on the published IAP, and if no limit is published, for climbs the limit is 310 kts, and for a descent, the same limits as above for within a hold. The aircraft must not exceed the outboud/inbound still air time restrictions, and must also not exceed any DME holding restrictions. Normal aircraft speed may be flown once the aircraft leaves the shuttle. NOTE: All shuttle climb airspeeds are subject to controlled airspace speed limits from CARs 602.32.







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